Nose Bleed or Epistaxis means bleeding from the nose. It is often frightening for some people, but it is rarely life threatening. The amount of blood coming from the nose during a nose bleed can be a continuous stream, or just a small trickle. It may look like you are losing a lot of blood, but not much blood is actually lost during the typical nose bleed.
Causes of Nose Bleed May Include:
- Blowing the nose can start nose bleed.
- Going to a high altitude area.
- Inflammation from a cold, and even dry winter air can cause blood vessel to rupture
- Trauma or injuries to the nose like when you fall.
- Nasal polyp
- Infections like sinusitis that can cause congestion and eventually bleeding.
- Inhalation of chemicals that irritate the nasal mucosa.
- High blood pressure and very hot, humid weather may also trigger nose bleed.
How to Stop a Nose Bleeding:
- Elevate the patient’s head up to 45 degrees.
- Compress the soft portion of the nostrils for 5 to 10 minutes, to stop the bleeding.
- Try wetting a bit of cotton or plain sterile gauze with white vinegar and place it in the patient’s nose. Leave it in place for at least 10 minutes. The acid in vinegar will gently cauterize the inside of the nose and stop the bleeding.
- Soak a pad of cotton in cold, or even iced water and place firmly across the bridge of the nose. A more effective method is to place a small piece of this as a plug in the affected nostril.
- Drink cold water, this alone may stop many nose bleeds.
How to Prevent Nose Bleeding:
- To prevent recurrent of epistaxis, tell the patients not to pick his nose or insert any foreign objects in it.
- Avoid the use of decongestant nasal sprays. They constrict blood vessels and can lead to bleeding.
- Moisten the lining of your nose with saltwater spray and apply aloe vera gelly after the saline spray to help nasal membranes to heal.
- Ferrum Phos: if the cause is a minor injury.
- Phosphorus: for a heavy nose bleed associated with blowing the nose violently or sneezing, especially if occurring in the evening.
Recommended Food Supplements:
- Vitamin C with bioflavinoids helps prevent capillary fragility.
- Vitamin K helps the blood to clot more efficiently.
- Bleeding is considered severe if it continues longer than 10 minutes after pressure is applied and may cause blood loss as great as 1 liter/ hour in adults.
- Like most wounds, ruptured capillaries inside the nose will heal completely in a week time.
- If nose bleeds recur more than once a month or so, have yourself examined by a doctor to rule out a possible underlying cause.
“This post was originally published on November 21, 2012 @ 6:13”