Causes of Leg Cramps:
- Vitamins and minerals deficiencies.
- Poor blood circulation.
- Tense or fatigued muscles.
- Depleted potassium and carbohydrates level.
Recommended Supplements for Leg Cramps:
- Potassium – it is important to note that potassium pills are not recommended because it is possible to overdose with it. The best way to add potassium to your diet is to eat foods that contain good amounts of this mineral. Or alternately, use low salt or no-salt salt substitutes, which contain potassium chloride. Foods high in potassium include molasses, halibut, apricots, bananas, broccoli, prunes, and wheat germ.
- Magnesium and Calcium – are essential for heart health, to help prevent kidney stones, and as prophylactic against leg cramps. The recommended dosage is 300 mg to 500mg of magnesium daily. Most folks should be getting somewhere between 800mg and 1,200mg of calcium along with their magnesium.
- B Vitamin – researched has found that B vitamin therapy is effective with nocturnal leg cramps.
- Vitamin E – many have used this vitamin for leg cramps, the reason it works is because it improves blood circulation.
- Apple Cider Vinegar – Drink 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey in a cup of warm water daily.
Quinine Side Effects: Quinine was once available in several over-the-counter preparations aimed at those who suffered restless leg syndrome. Then, in the mid-1990s, the FDA banned these drugs and discouraged physicians from writing prescription for quinine for this purpose. Although it had been used for decades to relieve “restless legs” and nighttime leg cramps, the FDA believed it was too dangerous.
The problem was that quinine can cause serious side effects, including a life-threatening anemia. As many as sixteen people had died. Other complications include rash, itching, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, severe headache, liver damage, and low blood sugar. Birth defects are also a risk if the drug is taken during pregnancy. In the judgment of the FDA, such adverse reactions were too severe to justify continued use for what the agency perceived as a relatively minor complaint.
Currently Quinine can only be acquired through prescription, which is good, since people who will have access to it will be given medical advice first before taking it. The only remaining over-the-counter source of quinine is the good old tonic water. It appears that a couple of glasses a day could prove helpful for those with nighttime leg cramps.