Health Risk of Being Underweight:
- Mild underweight is not associated with serious health hazards, but people who are very thin lack energy, are vulnerable to infections, and often feel the cold because they lack insulating fat.
- Patients weighing less than 80% of their desirable weight on admission to a hospital are at high risk for complications.
- Severely underweight people who are confined to bed rest easily develop pressure sores over bony areas.
- Individuals who are underweight are at high risk for malnutrition.
- Being underweight can affect growth and development.
- Being underweight can cause infertility to both male and female.
- Severely underweight women may have delayed menstruation.
- Being underweight can also result in irritability, and a lack of concentration.
- Underweight people have poor stamina and also a weak immune system.
- Underweight people may develop hair loss and dry skin.
Health Risk of Being Underweight During Pregnancy: Being underweight during pregnancy may cause anemia, heat and lung complications, and a high risk of toxemia. Their babies are often premature, have a low birth weight, and may experience slow growth and development.
How to Gain Weight: It is recommended that underweight individuals gain one pound per week until an appropriate weight is reached. This can be accomplished by consistently (daily) increasing one’s intake of calorie dense foods, eating more frequently, and drinking fluids between meals rather than with meals. Increasing dietary fat can rapidly make a difference, because fat contains more than twice as many calories (9per gram) as protein and carbohydrates do (4 per gram).
- Eat nutrient-rich foods like whole-grain breads, pastas and cereals; fruits and vegetables; low-fat dairy products; lean protein sources; and nuts and seeds.
- Healthy drinks. Choose healthy shakes made with milk and fresh or frozen juice and sprinkle in some ground flaxseed.
- Calorie-dense snacks. Choose calorie-dense foods, such as nuts, peanut butter, cheese, dried fruits and avocados. Also, have a bedtime snack such as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich or cheese and egg sandwich.
Note: Also consider exercise. Exercise, especially strength training, can also help you gain weight by building up your muscles and adding more “bulk” to your body. It may also stimulate your appetite.
Avoid: Alcohol, caffeine and sugary snacks which can suppress the appetite.
“This post was originally published on November 9, 2012 @ 03:36”