- Scientific Name: Dimocarpus longan
- Origin: Southern China, Myanmar
- Varieties: Numerous, many longan varieties follow a fruiting cycle whereby a good crop year is followed by 1-2 or more bad years.
- Tree height: 10-20 m
- Fruit diameter: 1-3 cm
- Season: fruits twice a year (end of dry season and late summer)
Longan also known as “dragon’s eye” (because of an ovoid, white eye shaped mark on the pit). The longan is China’s gift to Southeast Asia, where it was brought by Chinese immigrants hundreds of years ago.
Longan is frequently eaten fresh or from the can in which it floats in its own juice, the longan can also be cooked with delicious results. In general, the fruit is considered tastier than the lychee but it is not as juicy.
Longan is sometimes used instead of lychees or cherries in fruit salads, sweet and sour dishes and as garnish for cocktail drinks. The Javanese and the Chinese dry the fruit and then use it as a tea drink.
Health Benefits of Longan:
- Longan is used as remedy for stomach ache, insomnia, amnesia, and dropsy.
- Longan is said to invigorate the heart and spleen, nourish the blood and have a calming effect on the nervous system.
- A spoonful of longan tonic made of equal quantities of longan flesh and sugar simmered in water till it is reduced to a syrup consistency is recommended twice a day.
- In Vietnam, the “eye” of the longan seed is pressed against snakebite in the belief that it will absorb the venom.
- Pulverized seeds of Longan can counteract heavy sweating.
Nutrient Content of Longan: per 100 g
- Vitamin A 28 IU
- Vitamin B10.04 mg
- Vitamin B2 0.07 mg
- Niacin 0.6 mg
- Vitamin C 6-8 mg
- Protein 1 g
- Calcium 2-10 mg
- Phosphorous 6-42 mg
- Iron 0.3-1.2 mg
- Carbohydrate16-25 g
- Fat 0.1-0.5 g
Other Uses of Longan:
- The Longan seeds contain saponin that is used like soapberries for shampooing the hair.
- The wood of longan tree is used for posts, agricultural implements, furniture and construction.
Names of Longan in different countries:
- English: longan, lungan, dragon eye
- Spanish: longán, longana
- French: longanier, oeil de dragon
- Indonesia, Malaysia: leng-keng
- Burma: kyet mouk
- Cambodia: mien
- Laos: lam nhai, nam nhai
- Thailand: lamyai pa
- Vietnam: nhan
“This post was originally posted on January 8, 2012 @23:25”