Dandruff is a common scalp condition marked by tiny white flakes (dead skin cells). It is normal for skin cells to die and flake off but some people experience an unusually large amount of flaking, which can also be accompanied by redness and irritation.
If the scalp is covered with dead skin or dandruff it will prevent new hair from growing, because it cannot break through the dead skin, this usually result to baldness.
People who have oily hair and scalp are much more likely to suffer from dandruff because of a naturally occurring fungus on the surface of the skin called malassezia furfur which eats fats and oils.
When the fungus grows too rapidly in the presence of excessive oil, it disrupts the normal renewal of cells on the surface of the scalp and the result is the flaking of dead cells present in dandruff.
Causes of Dandruff:
- Seborrhea condition (overactivity of the sebaceous glands, resulting in an excessive amount of sebum). Sebum is an oily secretion on the scalp. Sebum help lubricates the hair and scalp in order to keep it soft and pliable, but excess sebum may form dandruff.
- Dandruff can also be caused by frequent exposure to extreme heat and cold.
- Nutritional deficiency causes a change in the surface cells of the scalp to flake off.
- Other cause includes; genetic predisposition (hereditary), food allergies, excessive sweating, soaps with a high alkaline content, too much yeast in the system, and stress.
Treatments for Dandruff:
- Biotin, a B vitamin, is a major anti-dandruff compound. Take 6 mg daily. A handful of soybeans contain the 6 mg of biotin. Garlic also rich in biotin content, other sources are egg yolk, liver, milk, barley, brewer’s yeast, and royal jelly. Biotin is also produced naturally by bacteria in the intestines. Eating raw egg whites and prolonged use of antibiotics is thought to be the cause of biotin deficiency.
- Eat 50% – 75% raw food and make sure that the diet also includes flaxseed oil, vitamin E and PABA, Folic acid, and zinc. Also helpful are kelp, selenium, sulfur and lecithin. A short fast is a good way to begin the program. Then begin eating only nutritious foods.
- Massaging virgin coconut oil regularly on a clean scalp is also beneficial.
- Apply aloe vera gel on the scalp after taking a shower. Allow it to dry. Do this at least 3x a week.
- Apple cider vinegar is another good remedy for dandruff. Mix 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar with 1/4 cup water. Pour this mixture into a spray bottle and spritz it on to your hair and scalp, being careful to avoid the eye and ear area. Wrap your head with a towel. After 15 minutes to an hour, remove the towel and wash your hair. Do this once or twice a week.
- Leaves and bark of the willow tree, made into a tea, will also help cure dandruff. Other herbs with anti-dandruff qualities are comfrey, ginger, licorice, celandine and plantain. Make a tea of any, or several, and use them as hair rinses.
- A little sunlight is also good for your scalp and hair.
- Exercise can help increase blood flow into your scalp.
- Cut out excess fats, grease, and all fried foods from the diet. Stop the use of alcohol.
- Avoid chocolate, sugar, white flour, and seafood.
- Avoid stress and poor elimination.
- Do not use strong hair treatments.
- Avoid shampoos containing selenium sulfide. They can cause eye damage and hair loss.